to Dzogchen, the entire range of all possible appearances, and all possible
phenomena in all the different realities, whether samsara or nirvana, all of
these without exception have always been and will always be perfect and
complete, within the vast and boundless expanse of the nature of mind. Yet, even
though the essence of everything is empty and “pure from the very
beginning,” its nature is rich in noble qualities, pregnant with every
possibility, a limitless, incessantly and dynamically creative field that is
always spontaneously perfect.